Laplace’s Demon Defeated by Human Consciousness

In his A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities (1814), Pierre-Simon Laplace describes a perfectly deterministic universe: We ought to regard the present state of the universe as the effect of its antecedent state and as the cause of the state that… Continue Reading

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Free Will Paradox?

There might be a paradox—or tension?—having to do with how we assess what counts as a negation of free will. Namely, we don’t generally consider that which is physically impossible to count as evidence against free will’s existence; yet to rule out free will… Continue Reading

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